(The content of this Appendix is based on Annex F of NFPA 54)

Table 510.1.2(1) is used where sizing a Type B double-wall gas vent connected directly to the appliance.

**Note:** The appliance is permitted to be either Category I draft hood-equipped or fan-assisted type.

**FIGURE G 101.2(1)TYPE B DOUBLE-WALL VENT SYSTEM SERVING A SINGLE APPLIANCE WITH A TYPE B DOUBLE-WALL VENT**

Table 510.1.2(2) is used where sizing a single-wall metal vent connector attached to a Type B double-wall gas vent.

**Note:** The appliance is permitted to be either Category I draft hood- equipped or fan-assisted type.

**FIGURE G 101.2(2)TYPE B DOUBLE-WALL VENT SYSTEM SERVING A SINGLE APPLIANCE WITH A SINGLE-WALL METAL VENT CONNECTOR**

Table 510.1.2(3) is used where sizing a Type B double-wall gas vent connector attached to a tile-lined masonry chimney.

**Notes:**

*A*is the equivalent cross-sectional area of the tile liner.- The appliance is permitted to be either Category I draft hood-equipped or fan-assisted type.

**FIGURE G 101.2(3)VENT SYSTEM SERVING A SINGLE APPLIANCE WITH A MASONRY CHIMNEY AND A TYPE B DOUBLE-WALL VENT CONNECTOR**

Table 510.1.2(4) is used where sizing a single-wall vent connector attached to a tile-lined masonry chimney.

**Notes:**

*A*is the equivalent cross-sectional area of the tile liner.- The appliance is permitted to be either Category I draft hood-equipped or fan-assisted type.

**FIGURE G 101.2(4)VENT SYSTEM SERVING A SINGLE APPLIANCE USING A MASONRY CHIMNEY AND A SINGLE-WALL METAL VENT CONNECTOR**

Asbestos cement Type B or single-wall metal vent serving a single draft- hood-equipped appliance. [See Table 510.1.2(5)]

**FIGURE G 101.2(5)ASBESTOS CEMENT TYPE B OR SINGLE-WALL METAL VENT SYSTEM SERVING A SINGLE DRAFT HOOD-EQUIPPED APPLIANCE**

Table 510.2(1) is used where sizing Type B double-wall gas vent connectors attached to a Type B double-wall common vent.

**Note:** Each appliance is permitted to be either Category I draft hood- equipped or fan-assisted type.

**FIGURE G 101.2(6)VENT SYSTEM SERVING TWO OR MORE APPLIANCES WITH TYPE B DOUBLE-WALL VENT AND TYPE B DOUBLE-WALL VENT CONNECTORS**

Table 510.2(2) is used where sizing single-wall vent connectors attached to a Type B double-wall common vent.

**Note:** Each appliance is permitted to be either Category I draft hood- equipped or fan-assisted type.

**FIGURE G 101.2(7)VENT SYSTEM SERVING TWO OR MORE APPLIANCES WITH TYPE B DOUBLE-WALL VENT AND SINGLE-WALL METAL VENT CONNECTORS**

Table 510.2(3) is used where sizing Type B double-wall vent connectors attached to a tile-lined masonry chimney.

**Notes:**

*A*is the equivalent cross-sectional area of the tile liner.- The appliance is permitted to be either Category I draft hood-equipped or fan-assisted type.

**FIGURE G 101.2(8)MASONRY CHIMNEY SERVING TWO OR MORE APPLIANCES WITH TYPE B DOUBLE-WALL VENT CONNECTORS**

Table 510.2(4) is used where sizing single-wall metal vent connectors attached to a tile-lined masonry chimney.

**Notes:**

*A*is the equivalent cross-sectional area of the tile liner.- Each appliance is permitted to be either Category I draft-hood- equipped or fan-assisted type.

**FIGURE G 101.2(9)MASONRY CHIMNEY SERVING TWO OR MORE APPLIANCES WITH SINGLE-WALL METAL VENT CONNECTORS**

Asbestos cement Type B or single-wall metal pipe vent serving two or more draft-hood-equipped appliances. [See Table 510.2(5)]

**FIGURE G 101.2(10)ASBESTOS CEMENT TYPE B OR SINGLE-WALL METAL VENT SYSTEMS SERVING TWO OR MORE DRAFT HOOD-EQUIPPED APPLIANCES**

Example: Manifolded common vent connector *LM* can be no greater than 18 times the common vent connector manifold inside diameter; that is, a 4 inch (102 mm) inside diameter common vent connector manifold shall not exceed 72 inches (1829 mm) in length. [See Section 510.2.3]

**Note:** This is an illustration of a typical manifolded vent connector. Different appliance, vent connector, or common vent types are possible. [See Section 510.2]

**FIGURE G 101.2(11)USE OF MANIFOLDED COMMON VENT CONNECTORS**

**Note:** This is an illustration of a typical offset vent. Different appliance, vent connector, or vent types are possible. [See Section 510.2.4 and Section 510.2.6]

**FIGURE G 101.2(12)USE OF OFFSET COMMON VENT**

**FIGURE G 101.2(13)MULTISTORY GAS VENT DESIGN PROCEDURE FOR EACH SEGMENT OF SYSTEM**

**FIGURE G 101.2(14)PRINCIPLES OF DESIGN OF MULTISTORY VENTS USING VENT CONNECTOR AND COMMON VENT DESIGN TABLES**

Solution:

Table 510.1.2(2) shall be used to solve this problem because single-wall metal vent connectors are being used with a Type B vent, as follows:

- Read down the first column in Table 510.1.2(2) until the row associated with a 10 foot (3048 mm) height and 5 foot (1524 mm) lateral is found. Read across this row until a vent capacity exceeding 120 000 Btu/h (35 kW) is located in the shaded columns labeled NAT Max for draft- hood-equipped appliances. In this case, a 5 inch (127 mm) diameter vent has a capacity of 122 000 Btu/h (35.7 kW) and shall be permitted to be used for this application.
- Where three 90 degree (1.57 rad) elbows are used in the vent system, the maximum vent capacity listed in the tables shall be reduced by 10 percent. This implies that the 5 inch (127 mm) diameter vent has an adjusted capacity of 110 000 Btu/h (32 kW). In this case, the vent system shall be increased to 6 inches (152 mm) in diameter. See the following calculations:
122 000 Btu/h (35.7 kW) × 0.90 = 110 000 Btu/h (32 kW) for 5 inch (127 mm) vent

From Table 510.1.2(2), select 6 inch (152 mm) vent.

186 000 Btu/h (54.5 kW) × 0.90 = 167 000 Btu/h (49 kW)

This figure is exceeding the required 120 000 Btu/h (35 kW). Therefore, use a 6 inch (152 mm) vent and connector where three elbows are used.

For SI units: 1 foot = 304.8 mm, 1000 British thermal units per hour = 0.293 kW

**FIGURE G 101.3SINGLE DRAFT HOOD-EQUIPPED APPLIANCE — EXAMPLE 1**

Solution:

Table 510.1.2(2) refers to the use of single-wall metal vent connectors with Type B vent. In the first column find the row associated with a 30 foot (9144 mm) height and a 10 foot (3048 mm) lateral. Read across this row, looking at the FAN Min and FAN Max columns, to find that a 3 inch (76 mm) diameter single-wall metal vent connector is not recommended. Moving to the next larger size single-wall connector [4 inch (102 mm)] we find that a 4 inch (102 mm) diameter single-wall metal connector has a recommended maximum vent capacity of 144 000 Btu/h (42 kW). The 80 000 Btu/h (23.4 kW) fan-assisted appliance is outside this range, so the conclusion is that a single-wall metal connector shall not be used to vent the appliance using a 10 foot (3048 mm) of lateral for the connector. However, if the 80,000 Btu/hr (23.4 kW) input appliance is moved within 5 feet (1524 mm) of the vertical vent, a 4 inch (102 mm) single-wall metal connector shall be used to vent the appliance. Table 510.1.2(2) shows the acceptable range of vent capacities for a 4 inch (102 mm) vent with 5 feet (1524 mm) of lateral to be between 72 000 Btu/h (21.1 kW) and 157 000 Btu/h (46 kW).

Where the appliance cannot be moved closer to the vertical vent, then a Type B vent shall be used as the connector material. In this case, Table 510.1.2(1) shows that, for a 30 foot (9144 mm) high vent with 10 feet (3048 mm) of lateral, the acceptable range of vent capacities for a 4 inch (102 mm) diameter vent attached to a fan-assisted appliance is between 37 000 Btu/h (10.8 kW) and 150 000 Btu/h (44 kW).

For SI units: 1 foot = 304.8 mm, 1000 British thermal units per hour = 0.293 kW

**FIGURE G 101.4SINGLE FAN-ASSISTED APPLIANCE — EXAMPLE 2**

Solution:

Table 510.1.2(1) is used in the case of an all Type B Vent system. However, Table 510.1.2(1) does not have an entry for a height of 12 feet (3658 mm), and interpolation must be used. Read down the 4 inch (102 mm) diameter NAT Max column to the row associated with a 10 foot (3048 mm) height and 5 foot (1524 mm) lateral to find the capacity value of 77 000 Btu/h (22.6 kW). Read further down to the 15 foot (4572 mm) height, 5 foot (1524 mm) lateral row to find the capacity value of 87 000 Btu/h (25.5 kW). The difference between the 15 foot (4572 mm) height capacity value and the 10 foot (3048 mm) height capacity value is 10 000 Btu/h (3 kW). The capacity for a vent system with a 12 foot (3658 mm) height is equal to the capacity for a 10 foot (3048 mm) height plus two-fifths of the difference between the 10 foot (3048 mm) and 15 foot (4572 mm) height values, or 77 000 Btu/h (22.6 kW) + ^{2}/_{5} × 10 000 Btu/h (3 kW) = 81 000 Btu/h (23.7 kW). Therefore, a 4 inch (102 mm) diameter vent can be used in the installation.

Solution:

Table 510.2(2) shall be used to size single-wall metal vent connectors attached to Type B vertical vents. In the vent connector capacity portion of Table 510.2(2), find the row associated with a 30 foot (9144 mm) vent height. For a 2 foot (610 mm) rise on the vent connector for the water heater, read the shaded columns for draft-hood-equipped appliances to find that a 3 inch (76 mm) diameter vent connector has a capacity of 37 000 Btu/h (10.8 kW). Therefore, a 3 inch (76 mm) single-wall metal vent connector shall be used for the water heater. For a draft-hood-equipped furnace with a 3 foot (914 mm) rise, read across the row to find that a 5 inch (127 mm) diameter vent connector has a maximum capacity of 120 000 Btu/h (35 kW) (which is too small for the furnace), and a 6 inch (152 mm) diameter vent connector has a maximum vent capacity of 172 000 Btu/h (50 kW). Therefore, a 6 inch (152 mm) diameter vent connector shall be used with the 150 000 Btu/h (44 kW) furnace. Since both vent connector, horizontal lengths are less than the maximum lengths listed in Section 510.2.1; the table values shall be used without adjustments.

In the common vent capacity portion of Table 510.2(2), find the row associated with a 30 foot (9144 mm) vent height and read over to the NAT + NAT portion of the 6 inch (152 mm) diameter column to find a maximum combined capacity of 257 000 Btu/h (75 kW). Since the two appliances total 185 000 Btu/h (54 kW), a 6 inch (152 mm) common vent shall be used.

For SI units: 1 foot = 304.8 mm, 1000 British thermal units per hour = 0.293 kW

**FIGURE G 101.6COMMON VENTING TWO DRAFT HOOD-EQUIPPED APPLIANCES — EXAMPLE 4**

Solution:

Water Heater Vent Connector Diameter. Since the water heater vent connector, horizontal length of 4 feet (1219 mm) is less than the maximum value listed in Table 510.2(2), the venting table values can be used without adjustment. Using the Vent Connector Capacity portion of Table 510.2(2), read down the Total Vent Height (H) column to 30 feet (9144 mm) and read across the 2 feet (610 mm) Connector Rise (R) row to the first Btu/h rating in the NAT Max column that is equal to or greater than the water heater input rating. The table shows that a 3 inch (76 mm) vent connector has a maximum input rating of 37 000 Btu/h (10.8 kW). Although this rating is greater than the water heater input rating, a 3 inch (76 mm) vent connector is prohibited by Section 510.2.18. A 4 inch (102 mm) vent connector has a maximum input rating of 67 000 Btu/h (19.6 kW) and is equal to the draft hood outlet diameter. A4 inch (102 mm) vent connector is selected. Since the water heater is equipped with a draft hood, there are no minimum input rating restrictions.

For SI units: 1 foot = 304.8 mm, 1000 British thermal units per hour = 0.293 kW

**FIGURE G 101.7COMMON VENTING A DRAFT HOOD-EQUIPPED WATER HEATER WITH A FAN-ASSISTED FURNACE INTO A TYPE B DOUBLE-WALL COMMON VENT — EXAMPLE 5(a)**

Furnace Vent Connector Diameter. Using the Vent Connector Capacity portion of Table 510.2(2), read down the Total Vent Height (H) column to 30 feet (9144 mm) and across the 3 feet (914 mm) Connector Rise (R) row. Because the furnace has a fan-assisted combustion system, find the first FAN Max column with a Btu/h rating greater than the furnace input rating. The 4 inch (102 mm) vent connector has a maximum input rating of 119 000 Btu/h (34.9 kW) and a minimum input rating of 85 000 Btu/h (24.9 kW).

The 100 000 Btu/h (29 kW) furnace in this example falls within this range, so a 4 inch (102 mm) connector is adequate. Because of the furnace vent connector, the horizontal length of 6 feet (1829 mm) is less than the maximum value listed in Section 510.2.1; the venting table values can be used without adjustment. If the furnace had an input rating of 80 000 Btu/h (23.4 kW), a Type B vent connector would be needed to meet the minimum capacity limit.

Common Vent Diameter. The total input to the common vent is 135 000 Btu/h (40 kW). Using the Common Vent Capacity portion of Table 510.2(2), read down the Total Vent Height (H) column to 30 feet (9144 mm) and across this row to find the smallest vent diameter in the FAN + NAT column that has a Btu/h rating equal to or greater than 135 000 Btu/h (40 kW). The 4 inch (102 mm) common vent has a capacity of 132 000 Btu/h (39 kW) and the 5 inch (127 mm) common vent has a capacity of 202 000 Btu/h (59 kW). Therefore, the 5 inch (127 mm) common vent should be used in this example.

Summary: In this example, the installer can use a 4 inch (102 mm) diameter, single-wall metal vent connector for the water heater and a 4 inch (102 mm) diameter, single-wall metal vent connector for the furnace. The common vent should be a 5 inch (127 mm) diameter Type B vent.

**TABLE G 101.8MASONRY CHIMNEY LINER DIMENSIONS WITH CIRCULAR EQUIVALENTS ^{*}**

NOMINAL LINER SIZE (inches) | INSIDE DIMENSIONS OF LINER (inches) | INSIDE DIAMETER OR EQUIVALENT DIAMETER (inches) | EQUIVALENT AREA (square inches) |
---|---|---|---|

4 × 8 | 2^{1}/_{2} × 6^{1}/_{2} | 4.0 | 12.2 |

5.0 | 19.6 | ||

6.0 | 28.3 | ||

7.0 | 38.3 | ||

8 × 8 | 6^{3}/_{4} × 6^{3}/_{4} | 7.4 | 42.7 |

8.0 | 50.3 | ||

8 × 12 | 6^{1}/_{2} × 10^{1}/_{2} | 9.0 | 63.6 |

10.0 | 78.5 | ||

12 × 12 | 9^{3}/_{4} × 9^{3}/_{4} | 10.4 | 83.3 |

11.0 | 95.0 | ||

12 × 16 | 9^{1}/_{2} × 13^{1}/_{2} | 11.8 | 107.5 |

12.0 | 113.0 | ||

14.0 | 153.9 | ||

16 × 16 | 13^{1}/_{4} × 13^{1}/_{4} | 14.5 | 162.9 |

15.0 | 176.7 | ||

16 × 20 | 13 × 17 | 16.2 | 206.1 |

18.0 | 254.4 | ||

20 × 20 | 16^{1}/_{2} × 16^{3}/_{4} | 18.2 | 260.2 |

20.0 | 314.1 | ||

20 × 24 | 16^{1}/_{2} × 20^{1}/_{2} | 20.1 | 314.2 |

22.0 | 380.1 | ||

24 × 24 | 20^{1}/_{4} × 20^{1}/_{4} | 22.1 | 380.1 |

24.0 | 452.3 | ||

24 × 28 | 20^{1}/_{4} × 24^{1}/_{4} | 24.1 | 456.2 |

28 × 28 | 24^{1}/_{4} × 24^{1}/_{4} | 26.4 | 543.3 |

27.0 | 572.5 | ||

30 × 30 | 25^{1}/_{2} × 25^{1}/_{2} | 27.9 | 607.0 |

30.0 | 706.8 | ||

30 × 36 | 25^{1}/_{2} × 31^{1}/_{2} | 30.9 | 749.9 |

33.0 | 855.3 | ||

36 × 36 | 31^{1}/_{2} × 31^{1}/_{2} | 34.4 | 929.4 |

36.0 | 1017.9 |

For SI units: 1 inch = 25.4 mm, 1 square inch = 0.000645 m^{2}

^{*} Where liner sizes differ dimensionally from those shown in this table, equivalent diameters can be determined from published tables for square and rectangular ducts of equivalent carrying capacity or by other engineering methods.

Solution:

Table 510.2(4) is used to size common venting installations involving single-wall connectors into masonry chimneys.

Water Heater Vent Connector Diameter. Using Table 510.2(4), Vent Connector Capacity, read down the Total Vent Height (H) column to 30 feet (9144 mm), and read across the 2 feet (610 mm) Connector Rise (R) row to the first Btu/h rating in the NAT Max column that is equal to or greater than the water heater input rating. The table shows that a 3 inch (76 mm) vent connector has a maximum input of only 31 000 Btu/h (9 kW), while a 4 inch (102 mm) vent connector has a maximum input of 57 000 Btu/h (16.7 kW). A 4 inch (102 mm) vent connector must therefore be used.

Furnace Vent Connector Diameter. Using the Vent Connector Capacity portion of Table 510.2(4), read down the Total Vent Height (H) column to 30 feet (9144 mm) and across the 3 feet (914 mm) Connector Rise (R) row. Because the furnace has a fan-assisted combustion system, find the first FAN Max column with a Btu/h rating greater than the furnace input rating. The 4 inch (102 mm) vent connector has a maximum input rating of 127 000 Btu/h (37 kW) and a minimum input rating of 95 000 Btu/h (27.8 kW). The 100 000 Btu/h (29 kW) furnace in this example falls within this range, so a 4 inch (102 mm) connector is adequate.

Masonry Chimney. From Table G 101.8, the equivalent area for a nominal liner size of 8 inches (203 mm) by 12 inches (305 mm) is 63.6 square inches (0.041 m^{2}). Using Table 510.2(4), Common Vent Capacity, read down the FAN + NAT column under the Minimum Internal Area of Chimney value of 63 to the row for 30 foot (9144 mm) height to find a capacity value of 739 000 Btu/h (217 kW). The combined input rating of the furnace and water heater, 135 000 Btu/h (40 kW), is less than the table value, so this is an acceptable installation.

Subsection 510.2.16 requires the common vent area to be no greater than seven times the smallest listed appliance categorized vent area, flue collar area, or draft hood outlet area. Both appliances in this installation have 4 inch (102 mm) diameter outlets. From Table G 101.8, the equivalent area for an inside diameter of 4 inches (102 mm) is 12.2 square inches (0.008 m^{2}). Seven times 12.2 equals 85.4, which is greater than 63.6, so this configuration is acceptable.

Solution:

According to Section 510.2.20, Type B vent connectors are required to be used with exterior masonry chimneys. Use Table 510.2(8) and Table 510.2(9) to size FAN+NAT common venting installations involving Type-B double-wall connectors into exterior masonry chimneys.

The local 99 percent winter design temperature needed to use Table 510.2(8) and Table 510.2(9) can be found in ASHRAE Handbook — Fundamentals. For Charlotte, North Carolina, this design temperature is 19°F (—7.2°C).

Chimney Liner Requirement. As in Example 5(b), use the 63 square inches (0.04 m^{2}) Internal Area column for this size clay tile liner. Read down the 63 square inches (0.04 m^{2}) column of Table 510.2(8) to the 30 foot (9144 mm) height row to find that the combined appliance maximum input is 747 000 Btu/h (218.9 kW). The combined input rating of the appliances in this installation, 135 000 Btu/h (40 kW), is less than the maximum value, so this criterion is satisfied. Table 510.2(9), at a 19°F (—7.2°C) design temperature, and at the same vent height and the internal area used earlier, shows that the minimum allowable input rating of a space-heating appliance is 470 000 Btu/h (137.7 kW). The furnace input rating of 100 000 Btu/h (29 kW) is less than this minimum value. So this criterion is not satisfied, and an alternative venting design needs to be used, such as a Type B vent shown in Example 5(a) or a listed chimney liner system is shown in the remainder of the example.

According to Section 510.2.19, Table 510.2(1) or Table 510.2(2) is used for sizing corrugated metallic liners in masonry chimneys, with the maximum common vent capacities reduced by 20 percent. This example will be continued assuming Type B vent connectors.

Water Heater Vent Connector Diameter. Using Table 510.2(1) Vent Connector Capacity, read down the total Vent Height (H) column to 30 feet (9144 mm), and read across the 2 feet (610 mm) Connector Rise (R) row to the first Btu/hour greater than the water heater input rating. The table shows that a 3 inch (76 mm) vent connector has a maximum capacity of 39 000 Btu/h (11.4 kW). Although this rating is greater than the water heater input rating, a 3 inch (76 mm) vent connector is prohibited by Section 510.2.20. A4 inch (102 mm) vent connector has a maximum input rating of 70 000 Btu/h (20.5 kW) and is equal to the draft hood outlet diameter. A 4 inch (102 mm) vent connector is selected.

Furnace Vent Connector Diameter. Using Table 510.2(1), Vent Connector Capacity, read down the total Vent Height (H) column to 30 feet (9144 mm), and read across the 3 feet (914 mm) Connector Rise (R) row to the first Btu/h rating in the FAN MAX column that is equal to or greater than the furnace input rating. The 100 000 Btu/h (29 kW) furnace in this example falls within this range, so a 4 inch (102 mm) connector is adequate.

Chimney Liner Diameter. The total input to the common vent is 135 000 Btu/h (40 kW). Using the Common Vent Capacity portion of Table 510.2(1), read down the total Vent Height (H) column to 30 feet (9144 mm) and across this row to find the smallest vent diameter in the FAN + NAT column that has a Btu/h rating greater than 135 000 Btu/h (40 kW). The 4 inch (102 mm) common vent has a capacity of 138 000 Btu/h (40.4 kW). Reducing the maximum capacity by 20 percent results in a maximum capacity for a 4 inch (102 mm) corrugated liner of 110 000 Btu/h (32 kW), less than the total input of 135 000 Btu/h (40 kW). So a larger liner is needed. The 5 inch (127 mm) common vent capacity listed in Table 510.2(1) is 210 000 Btu/h (62 kW), and after reducing by 20 percent is 168 000 Btu/h (49.2 kW). Therefore, a 5 inch (127 mm) corrugated metal liner should be used in this example.

Single Wall Connectors. Once it has been established that relining the chimney is necessary, Type B double-wall vent connectors are not specifically required. This example could be redone using Table 510.2(2) for single-wall vent connectors. For this case, the vent connector and liner diameters would be the same as found for Type B double-wall connectors.